The name Solila comes from the salt pans where salt was once extracted here. In the meantime, the area was endangered by uncontrolled hunting and fishing. Today, however, it is a protected nature reserve and so at most photos are “taken”. And always carefully and at a distance, so as not to disturb the shy birds.
The Solila is one of the few remaining coastal wetlands and bird sanctuaries on the eastern Adriatic. Due to the abundance of food and shallow water, some bird species winter here. It is also a resting place for birds migrating to northern and eastern Europe. The approximately 150-hectare gem is located opposite the city centre of Tivat in Krtole Bay. It is the first protected area of its kind on the Montenegrin coast and one of the most important resting places for migratory birds.
Solila su kandidat za Emerald stanište Bernske konvencije, kao i područje od međunarodnog značaja za boravak ptica u Crnoj Gori – IBA područje. Od 2013. godine rezervat „Solila” upisan je na listu močvara od međunarodnog značaja prema Ramsarskoj konvenciji. Zbog značaja i raznovrsnosti stanišnih tipova, ovo područje nalazi se i na preliminarnoj Natura 2000 listi. Ulaz u rezervat je besplatan, gostima su na raspolaganju i pješačko-biciklističke staze opremljene klupama za odmaranje, dok se ptice mogu posmatrati iz dvije kule osmatračnice u rezervatu ili sa vidikovca koji se nalazi uz magistralni put prema Krtolima. U rezervatu živi 21 (dvadeset jedna) endemska vrsta: 5 (pet) biljaka, 1 (jedan) vodozemac i 16 (šesnaest) insekata.
Since 2013, the “Solila” nature reserve has been listed as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. It is also a candidate as an Emerald Site under the Bern Convention and as an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA). Due to the importance and diversity of the habitat, it has been included in the preliminary Natura 2000 list.
Entry to the nature reserve is free of charge. There are benches along the footpaths and cycle paths to rest or contemplate nature. From two observation towers and a lookout point near the road to Krtoli, the birdlife can be easily observed.
The reserve is home to 21 endemic species: five plant species, one amphibian and 16 insects. So far, 178 different bird species have been identified and recorded as being native to the Solila or frequenting it regularly. Cormorants, grebes, seagulls, coots and individual duck species are often seen in the shallow waters. This is the ideal feeding ground for shorebirds and various heron species. Grey herons, great egrets and little egrets can be observed throughout the summer. In spring and autumn, the voices of smaller songbirds such as wagtails, wheatears, stonechats, various species of swallows can be heard and some birds of prey such as marsh harriers can be seen. During the breeding season in summer and autumn, the bird population decreases. Then the solila becomes a nesting site for typical Mediterranean sparrow species such as shrikes, reed buntings, warblers and others. The reserve is also visited by cranes and storks. In September 2020, two flamingos were sighted for the first time in more than 10 years.